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  Bolivia : Handbook : Basic Data

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GENERAL INFORMATION  

General Information

General Information

Bolivia map

The republic of Bolivia is situated in the heart of South America, between 57° 26' and 69° 38' longitude and west of the Prime Meridian, and 9° 38' and 22° 53' S latitude, including more than 13 different types of geography. Brazil borders the north and northeastern part of the country, Peru in the northwest, Paraguay in the southeast, Argentina in the south, and Chile to the west and southwest.

Geographically speaking, the Bolivian territory has a total surface area of 1,098,581 km2 (424,162 sq miles) and boasts three distinct geographical zones: the mountain ranges, valleys, and plains.

The constitutional capital of Bolivia is Sucre, however, the seat of government is located in La Paz.

Politically, the country is divided into 9 regions: Beni, Cochabamba, Chuquisaca, La Paz, Oruro, Pando, Potosí, Tarija and Santa Cruz; 112 provinces, 314 sectors, and 1,384 districts.

Bolivian

The Bolivian population is 8,274,325 inhabitants; 56% are indigenous, 22% white, and 22% Mestizos (mix of indigenous and European). According to the State Political Constitution, Bolivia has been acknowledged as a "Multiethnic and Multicultural" country, a distinguished recognition throughout the world.

The official languages are: Spanish, Quechua, Aymará and Tupiguaraní. In addition to this, there are different linguistic groups throughout the various regions of Bolivia. The aborigines that inhabit Bolivian territory have different physical characteristics and other defining traits such as language structure that have traditionally classified them into three groups: Andino, Tupí Guaraní, and Araguaco or Arawacan.

Although the official religion is Roman Catholic, and the majority of the population claims to be Catholic, freedom of religion is accepted in Bolivia. Ties with the Catholic Church have remained strong through agreements and pacts between Bolivia and the Vatican.

La Paz city

View of La Paz

La Paz is considered the highest capital city in the world since it is located some 3,610 meters (11,844 ft) above sea level, at the foot of the snow-capped Illimani, on a plateau. As the seat of government, it is the most important city in the country, joining a large part of public administration with the nation's financial and commercial activities at the same time.

 

La Paz Map

Spanish Language

Since Spanish is the official language, Bolivia is the perfect country to learn how to speak. You can find Spanish language schools in La Paz and other cities.
You can also learn Spanish on line. Visit www.spanishprograms.com (Learn Spanish)


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