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  Bolivia : Destinations : Salar de Uyuni (Uyuni Salt Flat)

Salar de Uyuni (Uyuni Salt Flat)


Salar de Uyuni (Uyuni Salt Flat)

With a surface area of some 12,000 sq. km. (7,500 sq. mi.) and situated to the southwest of Bolivia, the Uyuni Salt Flat is the largest salt bed in the world. It covers almost the entire Province of Daniel Campos. It is comprised of approximately 11 layers, each one varying in thickness from 2 to 10 meters (6.5 and 32.8 ft). The crust on the surface is 10 meters thick, and it is estimated that the amount of salt that exists weighs about 64 billion tons. Additionally, the salt flat is situated on a major Lithium reserve and it contains significant quantities of potassium, boron, and magnesium. The Salt Bed is located at an altitude of 3,700 m (12,136 ft), in the western part of Uyuni, and it forms an enormous, completely flat, white plain. This infinite extension is what remains of a sea that filled the entire high plateau up to Lake Titicaca, and over the course of millions of years, the sea disappeared. Today, Lake Titicaca, Lake Poopó, and the Coipasa and Uyuni Salt Flats are what is left of that sea. To get to the Salt Flat, the busiest route is the one that begins in the city of Uyuni, located in the center of the Potosí district, and it heads northeast toward the Uyuni Salt Flat until it arrives to Colchani, a population dedicated to the artisan development of the salt. 10 km (6.25 mi) further west of Colchani is the Salt Hotel, where everything is made of salt: chairs, beds, tables, walls. Also on the way, you will find Isla de Pescado (Fish Island), a 10-hour trip from Colchani. It is considered the largest "oasis" in a salt flat presented by such an isolated ecosystem. The island is populated by a number of cacti more than 8 m (26 ft) tall. One can enjoy the landscape that is similar to those of polar regions where blues and whites merge together, and whose reflections generate images of inverted and horizontal saline hills over the horizon. These images make for one of the best tourist sites for photography aficionados.

 

Region
Potosí
Location
It is found in the region south of the Potosí district.
When to go
The best time to travel is the season from July to November, when the salt bed is very dry.
Attractions
The major attraction of this area is its landscape, the Salt Hotel, and Fish Island (Isla de Pescado).
How to get there
If you depart from La Paz you should fly to Sucre, go by land to Potosí, and from there you can easily arrive to Uyuni.              Activities
The landscape's wildlife observation, ecotourism.
Climate
Rainy from November to March. Dry the rest of the year.        Services
Accommodations, food
Surroundings
Colchani, Llica, Salar de Coipasa (Coipasa Salt Bed), Laguna Colorada (Red Lagoon)

Salar de Uyuni flooded

 

 

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